We cannot also enter a center and request a glove.

“… in the event that you request a glove, they (nurses) are likely to ask you if you should be `a home-based care worker, exactly what are you going do along with it’? About your intimate orientation, particularly in hospitals, it generates it a little more hard. In the event that you tell them” Alletta, 35yrs old, Durban

The 2 individuals above relate to the ways that responses from some wellness providers will make individuals feel exposed and even `deviant’. Such behaviours or attitudes can drive lesbians away and hinder usage of solutions, hence putting ladies at further danger.

In general most medical care professionals had been regarded as extremely supportive pertaining to look after individuals living with HIV. This excluded dealing with an individual’s intimate orientation and history that is sexual. Conversations about personal intimate history were limited by gay and lesbian organisations where many individuals gotten information, care and help. Within these areas, individuals may also easily speak about their intimate behavior and sexual identification. Outside such organisations, individuals had been uncomfortable to reveal their intimate orientation due to concern about prejudice and stigma:

“I haven’t mentioned that (i am a lesbian) because of the stigma connected with disclosing your sex. A number of the (HIV) organisations i will be associated with for instance — is just a Christian organisation. Speaking about my sex for them will be so very hard. ” Tambu, 40 yrs old, Zimbabwe

Individuals’ failure to communicate about their sexuality (as a result of anxiety about stigma and prejudice) also hindered their usage of safer intercourse information and protective means. More often than not, preventative measures had been unavailable, as well as in places where they existed, they’re not easily available.

“When it comes down to sex, well that you can’t engage in sex if you do not have money (to buy protection) for us(lesbians) – we don’t have protection available for free, which means. ” Zanele, 31 yrs old, Durban

“Even when we (lesbians) desire to use security we do not gain access to it. There are numerous condoms, that are free. Regarding my entire life, my part of security, i must see for myself – pop out money from my very own pocket and head to a pharmacy to find something which smells nice – like gloves – perhaps not that we could afford things such as that. It generates our everyday lives more susceptible. ” Lesego, 29 yrs. Old, Pretoria

Individuals claimed that despite the fact that they might wish to protect their lovers from being HIV infected, this is hard as safer intercourse means weren’t easy to get at. For folks who have usage of LGBT organisations, dental dams, hand condoms along with other kinds of security had been easily available. Nevertheless, lots of HIV good lesbians lived far from places where such organisations existed. Their primary health facilities had been general public clinics and hospitals, which supplied male and often feminine condoms. Individuals argued that although male condoms may occur, these usually do not take care of all lesbian intimate techniques.


In line with the displayed data that are qualitative our research shows that lesbians aren’t a `no danger’ team. Different facets, some comparable to other danger facets all women face, can place lesbians prone to HIV illness. Some ladies in this research reported sexual relationships with males. Numerous reported finding away about their HIV status that is positive these relationships. Rape as well as other kinds of intimate physical physical violence had been additionally reported as placing lesbians prone to HIV illness. That is a major problem that impacts numerous lesbians’ life in Southern Africa and should not be over looked in terms of HIV danger (Polders and Wells 2004; Reddy, Sandfort and Rispel 2009).

The ladies’s Institute (2009) has noted that the usa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2006 identified that “the HIV virus may be sent through blood and menstrual bloodstream, breast milk and genital secretions”. According to these understood practices of transmission, it may no further be thought that lesbians and naked housewives ladies who have intercourse with ladies and whoever intimate play involves these processes of transmission are in little if any danger. Additionally, intimate orientation shouldn’t be the foundation upon which danger for STDs is assumed (Workowski and Berman 2010).