The essence and structure of independent work of student

The essence and structure of independent work of student

The corporation of independent work depends mostly from the outcomes of pupils learning and their future practical activities. Independent work of students is a rather broad concept, within the interpretation of which various approaches had been formed, that will be because of differences in knowing the essence with this occurrence.

Often, independent work is thought to be an independent sort of training, along side:

  • a lecture,
  • a seminar,
  • practical classes, etc.

Different ways to independent work of pupils

As well, its essential features give consideration to compulsory classes into the assigned time routine associated with the college time, work with no direct involvement of this instructor, however for the required control. According to other statements, separate work involves all active mental activity of pupils when you look at the academic procedure, is the internal foundation of communication between various sorts and kinds of occupation among themselves. Considering independent work as the key way of gaining knowledge, adherents of the approach argue so it covers cognitive task, which students perform not just in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, individual interviews, tests, examinations, during protection of coursework, diploma documents, etc. This is certainly, independent work, based on this vision, encompasses a variety and kinds of the academic procedure.

In essence, separate work is a dynamic psychological task of the pupil from the execution of an exercise task. The clear presence of an activity and a target installation on its execution are thought become characteristic signs and symptoms of separate work. The tasks that students need to tackle inside their academic activities are those that concern them:

  • assimilation for the product regarding the topic, which will be considered during the lecture (make use of the abstract of this lecture, recommended by the academic literature);
  • summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum system;
  • solving tasks, carrying out experiments, experiments, and so forth;
  • planning of abstracts, control works, fixed shows (reports) at the class;
  • planning needless to say, diploma, master’s works.

All of these aspects of the academic process are independent work, because pupils execute them to a certain degree individually, in non-auditing time.

Phases of separate work of student

Separate tasks are an educational task associated with the pupil, directed at studying and perfecting the materials for the topic without having the direct involvement of this instructor.

Separate focus on the satisfaction associated with the research task encompasses three phases.

  1. Planning associated with student for the task, theoretical, emotional, organizational, methodological and logistical support of independent work.
  • The student’s theoretical readiness is manifested in the intellectual readiness, that is, the capability to apply their knowledge towards the task.
  • Practical readiness may be the capacity to optimally prepare a completely independent work, skillfully make use of the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, mental operations (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, classification, etc.).
  • The pupil’s psychological readiness presupposes, to start with, the existence of motives for doing a particular task. To help the duty set before the student in order to become the motive of their psychological, practical activity, it should be recognized by him. The interior perception associated with the task starts with an actualization regarding the motive, which prompts the student to perform the duty, and, accordingly, to prepare their very own separate work.
  • The prosperity of the preparatory phase relies on the organizational, methodological, material and technical support associated with student’s independent work (availability of literary works, methodological tips, artistic aids, information and computer base, etc.).
  1. Direct execution regarding the research assignment. This is the most crucial and a lot of accountable stage within the pupil’s separate work. Considering that the educational task and a lot of usually does occur in the educational-cognitive form, along the way of the implementation involved all psychological procedures that provide cognitive activity: sensation, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The effectiveness of the job is influenced by such individual characteristics of this pupil as dedication, persistence, responsibility, etc.
  2. Analysis regarding the completed task is the final stage of separate work. Through the analysis, the student evaluates (by self-control, sometimes inter-control) the standard and period of the task, the efficiency associated with the techniques and tools employed in the entire process of independent work.